California legislative rules known by their numbers


Like other legislatures across the country, the California legislature has a myriad of internal rules. These include separate rules for the Assembly and the Senate, as well as common rules applicable to both chambers. Some California Legislature Rules of Procedure are known only by number. Here are those that are heard most often in the state legislative process:

Assembly rules

45.5 – Presentation of guests or briefs to the Assembly – guests may be introduced during the session of the Assembly; briefs can be given at the end of the floor sessions.

77.2 – Substantially amended bills – If an amendment to a bill makes a substantial substantive change to a bill as passed by the last committee of reference, the bill, as amended or with proposed amendments, may be referred by the President to the appropriate committee. (This is similar to RS 29.10.)

96 – Motion to Withdraw or Refer Bills – A motion to withdraw or refer a bill from one committee or to refer a bill from one committee to another may be moved during the normal order of business by a recorded affirmative vote of 41 or more Members.

Rules of the Senate

28.8 – Committee on Appropriations – Any bill referred to the Committee on Appropriations which does not appropriate money may not be fixed for hearing and must, with any non-substantial amendment, be promptly reported to the Senate with the recommendation that it be placed at second reading if the committee chair determines that (a) the additional state costs are not significant and do not and will not require the allocation of additional state funds, and (b) the proposed law will not result in any significant reduction in revenue.

29.10 – Referral of Bills – If analysis of proposed floor amendments to a bill, other than the budget bill, reveals that the amendments create a new bill or rewrite the current form of the bill, when the adoption of the amendments, the bill must be reprinted and referred to the Rules Committee. (This is similar to AR 77.2.)

Common rules

10.5 – Referral to Finance and Rules Committees – A bill must be referred to each house’s finance committee when it would do any of the following: (1) Appropriate money. (2) Incur a substantial expenditure of state money. (3) Result in a substantial increase or loss of revenue for the state. (4) Bring about a substantial reduction in the expenditure of state money by reducing, transferring, or eliminating all existing responsibilities of any agency, program, or function of the state.

55 – 30-day waiting period – A bill other than the budget bill cannot be heard or dealt with by a committee or either house until the bill has been printed for 30 days. This rule may be suspended concurrently with the suspension of the requirement of Section 8 of Article IV of the Constitution or, if such period has expired, this rule may be suspended by the approval of the Rules Committee and a two-thirds vote of the house in which the bill is under consideration.

61(a) – Deadlines – Odd year: The deadlines provided for in this article are observed by the Senate and the Assembly during the first year of the Session.

61(b) – Deadlines – Even year: The deadlines provided for in this article are observed by the Senate and the Assembly during the second year of the Session.

62(a) – Committee Procedure – The Notice of Hearing on a Bill by the First Referral Committee of each House, or the Notice of Informational Hearing, is published in the Daily File at least four days before the audience. Otherwise, a notice is published in the Daily File two days before the hearing.

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