Troika Declaration on the Peace Process and Democratic Transition in Sudan

The United States, United Kingdom and Norway (the Troika) congratulate the Sudanese people as they celebrate the first anniversary of the signing of the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) on October 3, 2020. This historic agreement responds to the Sudanese people’s calls for freedom. , peace and justice, especially from those affected by conflict across Sudan as part of the democratic transition. We commend the APP signatories for maintaining their partnership, but urge them to renew their commitment to implement the agreement in its entirety.

The Troika welcomes the progress made in transitional justice under the JPA, including cooperation with the International Criminal Court (ICC), the commitment to hand over former President Omar Al Bashir and others involved in the subject of international arrest warrants, and the progress made in the establishment of the Special Court for Darfur. Due process of justice will help bring justice to the victims and kick-start the process of reconciliation under the JPA and the 2019 Constitutional Declaration.

We are, however, deeply concerned about the delays in implementing the commitments made a year ago. This includes the establishment of the Peace Commission, the Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism, the Transitional Legislative Assembly and the establishment of the Darfur Security Maintenance Forces and JPA security arrangements. Progress is needed now. We urge all JPA signatories to show leadership and work together to refocus on implementation to ensure the peace and security that ordinary people so badly need. Special efforts must be made to achieve the ambitious goals set in the Constitutional Declaration and the JPA for the participation of women.

The Troika is also disappointed by the lack of steam in peace talks with the SPLM-N (Abdelaziz al-Hilu). We urge both sides to resume talks in Juba and to negotiate on the basis of the Declaration of Principles of March 2021. The Troika notes with concern the growing unrest in eastern Sudan and condemns actions that threaten stability and peace. economy of Sudan. We encourage all parties to engage in dialogue to address legitimate grievances on the basis of the 2019 Constitutional Declaration and the APP.

The Troika remains committed to helping the Sudanese government and the JPA parties realize their vision of a lasting peace within the democratic transition agreed to in 2019. A lasting peace will require constant and dedicated efforts on the part of the Sudanese. to implement the APP. Our hope remains that this will be done in due course so that all Sudanese can benefit from equitable development, a new constitution, equal citizenship and the opportunity to choose a democratically elected government. The Troika looks forward to continuing to support the parties and all Sudanese in this vision and the achievement of lasting peace.

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