Troika “deeply concerned” by delay in peace process in Sudan


On the occasion of the first anniversary of the signing of the Juba Peace Agreement by the Sudanese government and a number of rebel groups, the Sudanese Troika congratulated the Sudanese and congratulated the signatories for maintaining their partnership. The Troika, as well as the president of the Sovereignty Council and the president of the rebel alliance of the Sudanese Revolutionary Front called for a swift implementation of the agreement.

Signatories must re-commit to fully implementing the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA), the Troika, made up of the United States, United Kingdom and Norway, said on Sunday.

The three countries praised “the measures that have been taken in the implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement in the area of ​​transitional justice, including cooperation with the International Criminal Court, and the commitment to postpone the former President Omar al-Bashir and others.

The Troika, however, also declares itself “deeply concerned” by the delays in the implementation of the agreement. “This includes the establishment of the Peace Commission, the Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism, the Transitional Legislative Assembly and the establishment of the Darfur Security Maintenance Forces and JPA security arrangements. .

“Progress is needed now. We urge all JPA signatories to show leadership and work together to refocus on implementation to ensure much-needed peace and security. Special efforts should be made to achieve the ambitious goals set in the Constitutional Declaration and the JPA for the participation of women.

The Troika countries also expressed their disappointment at the slowdown in peace negotiations between the Sudanese government and the Popular Movement for the Liberation of North Sudan under the leadership of Abdelaziz El Hilu (SPLM-N El Hilu). “We urge President Alhilu and the government of Sudan to return to Juba and negotiate on the basis of the Declaration of Principles of March 2021,” the statement said.

“Progress is needed now. We urge all JPA signatories to show leadership and work together to refocus on implementation to ensure much-needed peace and security. – Sudanese Troika

“Finally, the Troika notes with concern the growing unrest in eastern Sudan and condemns actions that threaten the stability and economy of Sudan. We encourage the government and all parties in the East to engage in dialogue to address legitimate grievances on the basis of the Constitutional Declaration and the JPA ”.

Security provisions

The head of the Sovereignty Council, Lieutenant General Abdelfattah El Burhan, pledged to “maintain the partnership that protects the transition and leads to free and fair elections” in a press release yesterday on the occasion of the first anniversary of the APP. He urged the signatories of the agreement “to make more efforts to complete the implementation of the provisions of the agreement, in particular regarding the security provisions”, and called on the rebel leaders Abdelaziz El Hilu and Abdelwahid El Nour, leader of the Sudan Liberation Movement, to join the peace process.

El Hadi Idris, president of the Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF, an alliance of several rebel factions) and member of the Sovereignty Council accused the government of “weak will” regarding the implementation of the security provisions of the protocol of the track of the APP Darfur.

In a press conference on Sunday, Idris highlighted the delay in the Governance and Administration Conference, which was to be held within six months of the JPA signing, and in putting in place mechanisms implementation of the agreement, in particular the International Monitoring and Evaluation Committee. The challenges facing the peace process include “the financing of the process, the fragility of the social fabric, the nature of the partnership and the interactions between partners and signatory parties”.

According to the rebel leader, the international community has so far failed to provide adequate support for the implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement.

The United Nations Special Representative for Sudan and head of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS), Volker Perthes, in September called on the international community to help fund the Sudanese peace process. Last Thursday, the United Nations and the Norwegian government hosted a high-level side event on Sudan in support of the transition process. Delegations from a large number of Member States, UNITAMS and international and regional organizations participated in the meeting.

Power struggles

Thousands of people took part in protests in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum and other parts of the country on Thursday in support of the democratic transition in the country. Protesters called for the establishment of a civilian government. These actions came in response to tensions between the military and civilian components of government that surfaced following a failed coup on September 21. They openly blamed each other for the continuing crises in the country.

Lieutenant General Abdelfattah El Burhan, Chairman of the Sovereignty Council and Head of the Sudanese Armed Forces and Lieutenant General Mohamed Dagalo, Deputy Chairman of the ‘Hemeti’ Sovereignty Council and Chief of the Forces Militia support, accused civilian politicians of quarreling and quarreling over positions, and condemned the lack of respect for the military. Civilian members of the government criticized the military for “claiming a trusteeship monopoly over the country and the exclusive right to rule it during the transition period.”

Emissaries from South Sudan, France and the United States arrived in Sudan this week in an attempt to defuse the political crisis.

In June, Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok launched his initiative The Way Forward, “to find a way out of the national crisis and the problems of democratic transition” in the country and “to develop a clear national program to unify the transition bloc and achieve comprehensive peace by broadening its base ”.


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